Now when we know a lot about the Mirrorless cameras, DSLRs, point and shoots, their accessories and camera care, it’s time to learn some basics of composition, night life and other types of photography which I prefer to call an “experiment with light”
This article includes basic photography tips and techniques which we believe will help beginners as well as amateurs to make most out of their gadget.
For me Composition is the soul of photography, it communicates what a photographer wants to say to his viewer.
You must have noticed that some clicks attract you more than others, that’s due of lack of composition. Composition shows how and where the subject is placed in a picture. However, integrating some of the photography composition tips with your creativity will definitely give a look that all will appreciate. It is worth mentioning that to compose a photograph you won’t need a high end DSLR, compact or mirrorless.
Try Vantage point when composing photos
Now when you are all set to try your hands on camera with a subject in front of the lens try clicking it from different angles. It is often clicking the same subject from different angles can give you an idea how change in angle can result in change in perspective.
The Image of the speaker below taken from different angle gives different view.
You can also change the composition of the photography by zooming in to the subject. When you click a subject with wide angel view and zoom you will see two different perspectives of same subject or scene.
The standard minimum zoom of 5X to 6X found in many digital cameras and that will work well to change the overall look of a scene or subject as you zoom in or out.
As an example in the first image, we see two subjects in one Image, in which grass is dominating the other. While in image 2 my subject is very clear.
Rule of Thirds in Photography
It is a commonly used technique in composing photographs. Rule of Third is applied by aligning a subject at intersecting points of two horizontal and two vertical lines in LCD screen. The photography as per the guideline suggests that skyline line placed close to one of these horizontal lines will make the image more attractive compared to middle or anywhere else in the image. Similarly, when a subject is placed near or on the vertical line instead of placing in the center spells a different magic.
Placing the subject on or around the four points where the vertical and horizontal lines intersect (called as point of interest) help you create really good and attractive photos. Note that it is not necessary to follow rule of thirds always as sometime you have to break this rule especially when you are clicking a close up portrait. If you think that placing your subject anywhere in the screen will add value to your photography then don’t hesitate to go ahead.
To give meaning to your photography you can always use trees, windows or any other object to make frame around your subject, it is another widely used way to compose your photographs.
Looking space is the space given in direction the subject is moving or looking at. It leads the viewer of the photograph in a particular direction. For example if a jogger moves in west direction it is important to leave space at the west side which gives effect of continuous motion and does not give feeling that subject has run out of room.
For composition you have to keep your eyes and mind open as the final click represents what you want to show or how creative you are. So keep clicking.
CAPTURING FLOWERS / DAY LIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY
There isn’t particular rule or camera for capturing the most beautiful creation of god, you can click some of the best photographs of flowers using any simple camera or you can use macro lenses. However, mirrorless cameras are the best options for capturing the beautiful flowers.
Also Read – Lenses People Use
Here are few points you should keep in mind while playing with camera to take picture of flowers
If you are not clicking picture of field of flowers we suggest you to take close up of your subject and try filling good portion of your LCD screen with the same, this will keep the subject in focus and cut off rest of the destruction that may kill real essence of the image.
Using day Light
Photographing flowers at day time and sunny days are always recommended, but during 1pm to 3pm outdoor photography should be usually avoided as the light condition during this time is too harsh. Clicking during this time can burn the image or cast harsh shadows on the subject.
Exposure and effective focus range
For capturing flowers you don’t have to do anything special as the exposure settings are same as that for shooting other subjects. However, we suggest you keep shutter speed of 1/60 second or higher, ISO 200 or less if you are not using tripod to click flowers. This will kill the possibility of getting blurred images. You can always use automatic exposure setting to get great clicks. Once you understand the lighting condition, don’t be afraid to play with manual exposure settings which are available in most of the mirrorless and DSLRs.
Depth of field can be obtained using a wide aperture opening, which produces shallow depth of field; while small aperture opening produces wider depth of field. However, the depth of field depends on the factors like lens type, focal length and distance of the lens from the subject.
All the above tips are applicable to all day time photography including portraits
Most of the beginners and armatures think that for night photography you have to be a pro, but that’s not true. Here we discuss about tips and tricks to give your best click in low light conditions. However, it is worth pointing out that during night, the shutter exposure time is usually longer than the one used during daytime, so a tripod becomes an indispensible part of your kit.
Here we list few tools that you may require while clicking around at night – a tripod, Wide-angle lenses, lens hood and a flashlight.
Click images in RAW for best night shot
To get the best results all you need to do is click the image in RAW. This allows you to enhance your image using Adobe’s software. It gives you more flexibility and allows you to play around with brightness, color temperature and exposure post clicking.
Using sweet spot
Most lenses have a Sweet spot or a range of aperture where they produce sharp images. The ‘sweet spot’ of apertures is usually between f/8 and f/16, we recommend you taking your own shot and finding out the sweet spot for your lens. Finding and setting up perfect aperture in the middle of the available range can help you capture perfect shots with your lens.
How to add magical effect to your photographs
Setting up aperture around f/16 makes certain that you get deeper depth of field in your photographs. As a result you get sharp foreground, as well as the street lights add sparkling effect to your shots.
DND (Do not Disturb)
Believe me friends sometimes our camera too needs space when it romance with light and subject. Wait wait! By space I mean not keeping your camera in you cupboard. Whenever you click a shot using long exposure (obviously using tripod) do not touch your camera, even pressing shutter release button can result in blurred images. We suggest you to use self-timer to trigger shutter to avoid any such result or you can use remote button if your shot requires accurate timing. If your smartphone has an IR blaster, you save yourself the cost of a remote.
CAPTURING WINTER SCENE IN YOUR CAMERA
We often love to visit places like Jammu and Kashmir, Shimla, Nainital just to capture the snow fall during winter, taking time out from our busy schedule. Snow adds different meaning and beauty to winter photographs.
Capturing snowfall is not that tough as your may have thought but you should always check on two things-
2) Color tone of snow
Bright white snow often dominates our winter scenes resulting in a bluish or grayish color tone in snow. The Exposure Value Compensation EV+/EV- allows you to underexpose (darken) or overexpose (brighten) your image. In auto mode camera adjusts itself by changing the shutter speed, aperture and other features as per its requirement but in manual mode you tell the camera to brighten or darken object from the optimum exposure it perceives. Usually for capturing winter you will need the exposure setting to be around +.3, +.7, +1.0 or higher. This will let more light to fall on the sensor and make your image brighter. You can always use the negative setting if the light while shooting is too bright. Check out the light composition on your LCD screen before clicking another pic and set the EV that works best for you. At any point if you feel that your camera is not giving exact look you are looking for you can always use photo editing software like the Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom. If you are trying to capture snow fall you will always need fast shutter speed of at least 1/125 sec or something around 1/250 to freeze the snow fall motion in your lens.
Camera is a photographer’s eye so keeping it safe and clean is really important (see: how to keep your mirrorless camera clean and safe). So while you keep yourself busy in capturing winter avoid getting your gadget wet.
Photography is all about clicking and experimenting with light; if you find above article a bit tough to follow, try using Auto mode and keep playing with composition. For a photographer, composition of an image speaks out everything he has conceptualized before clicking. DO share with us your clicks, settings and what made you capture it at that particular settings.